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Handwriting & Keyboarding: Standards for the Production & Presentation of Writing

Both handwriting and keyboarding are skills students need to master in order to produce effective written work. These two skills work together in the classroom to create an engaged, balanced, and successful learning environment.


These standards can help guide your instruction to make sure that children are learning to write and type in a developmental order that promotes success.


The standards were developed by a team of occupational therapists, teachers, and field experts based on current research about handwriting, keyboarding, and technology use in early education classrooms.

In this document, you will find handwriting and keyboarding standards for each grade level from kindergarten through grade 4 and onward.